Geysers are one of nature’s many beautiful sights, but just how do they work, and what causes them to remain active? The answers to these questions are far from complete, but some recent discoveries could very well shine some light on these conundrums.
We remember the dramatic announcement in December 2013 by the Hubble telescope Operators that two steam plumes of water of 200 km height are rising from the southern hemisphere in Europe. Could it be that this mythical Jupiter’s moon Enceladus is as active (around Saturn) and geysers?
It is known that large amounts of water vapor are emitted from the moon Saturn because they feed a cold dense core of material coinciding with the Enceladus orbit.
The gas that slows the torus locally plasma electrons in the magnetosphere around Saturn, is therefore at a lower temperature at this location. The probes had flown over Europe in 2001, before joining Saturn in 2014 and dump the Huygens probe for a descent through Titan’s atmosphere where it finally landed January 14, 2005. You can read more about this in Lee Lovett’s book Peak House: Aspen, Colorado.